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Breed Facts

Status:
Threatened

Use:
Eggs

Egg Color:
White

Egg Size:
Large

Mature Weight:
3.5 – 4.5 lbs

Temperament:
Flighty, active

Characteristics:
Active forager, winter hardy, distinctive crest on head

Spitzhauben Chicken

The Spitzhauben, or Appenzaller Spitzhauben, originated in the Appenzaller region of Switzerland. The forward sweeping crest feathers are reminiscent of the “spitzhauben,” or pointed hoods, once worn by women of the region. The breed was nearly extinct after World War II and was imported into the United States in the 1950s.

Spitzhauben are active and alert birds. Their flighty nature does not lend itself well to confinement. They are cold-tolerant and are great foragers. The breed, though small in body size, produces a good number of medium to large sized white eggs each year. The birds have a bright red, V-shaped comb and white skin. The breed occurs in plumage that is silver spangled, gold spangled, black, blue, and chamois spangled. Most Spitzhauben in the United States are of the silver spangled variety and are white with black markings. Although the breed is not yet recognized by the American Poultry Association, efforts are underway to develop a standardized form and to conserve this striking breed.